The outcomes of racing occasions are determined by finishing place (or time, the place measured), whereas the jumps and throws are won by the athlete that achieves the highest or furthest measurement from a sequence of attempts. Whereas cross nation competitions are now not held on the Olympics, having featured within the athletics programme from 1912-1924, it has been present as one of the occasions throughout the fashionable pentathlon competition because the 1912 Summer time Olympics One variation on traditional cross nation is mountain running , which contains significant uphill and/or downhill sections as an additional challenge to the course.

Cross nation running is essentially the most naturalistic of the sports in athletics as competitions happen on open-air courses over surfaces resembling grass , woodland trails, and earth It’s each an individual and group sport , as runners are judged on a person basis and a factors scoring method is used for groups.

Nonetheless, due to house limitations, indoor tracks could produce other nonstandard lengths, resembling a hundred and sixty-yard (146.3 m) indoor track at Madison Sq. Garden used for the Millrose Video games Because of space limitations, conferences held at indoor facilities do not hold a lot of athletics occasions usually contested outdoors.

Outdoor track and discipline is the one sport in athletics that does not have a its own distinct world championship which is separate from other types of athletics, although the IAAF Continental Cup (a quadrennial competitors between continental teams) consists fully of outdoor track and subject events.